Realism in German Idealism

“One form of idealism succeeded another when a previous form was found to provide too weak a foundation for realism. Kant rejected Leibniz's and Berkley’s empirical idealism because it had made the existence of objects in space a mere illusion; Fichte became disappointed with Kant’s transcendental idealism because he had not provided a sufficient basis for his empirical realism; Holderlin, Schlegel, Novalis, and Schelling broke with Fichte’s ethical idealism because it still trapped the ego inside the circle of consciousness.”³

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